Jump to Main Content



This symbiotic relationship is called mycorrhiza. The roots and the mycelium exchange substances like nitrogen (mushroom to tree) and carbohydrates (tree to mushroom). The birch bolete, for example, is a mycorrhizal fungus on birch trees.

Parasitic mushrooms attack the tree. The cauliflower mushroom is a good example of this. Eventually a cauliflower mushroom will bring down a pine tree.

Saprophytic mushrooms digest dead organic matter and thus decompose dead leafs and wood.